TRIZ-tools for develop thinking skills, imagination, speech for children aged 3 to 7 years
Nelly Kozyreva, Dr. Psychology
In preschool pedagogy, board games (a variety of educational games) are the means, method and form of training, educating and developing a child. Nelly Kozyreva, Dr. Psychology, has created a series of developing games "Teremok" for children aged 3 to 7 years.
The games are based on the plots of author's and folk tales familiar to the target age children. The game set includes cardboard cards illustrating the key scenes of the tales, and additional inserts. The tale subjects are pictured on both sides of each card. There are holes of various geometrical shapes and sizes in the cards. Each hole is in place of one of the characters. The characters themselves are depicted on separate cardboard inserts and their shapes correspond to that of the holes in the cards. The number of inserts is much greater than that of the cards, which makes it possible to choose which of the characters to put on a "vacant place" in order to cover the hole. The accompanying book contains methodical recommendations and description of the basic games with one set of the games: 17 games for children aged 3 to 4 years, 35 games for children aged 4 to 5 years and 44 games for the age group 5 to 7 years.
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accomplish the opposite action instead of an action provided for
in a task;
make the moving part of an object or environment get motionless
and make motionless part get moving;
turn an object "upside down”, to turn it inside out
studying this principle we will also use inversia, i.e. we will
start with the point 13c - to turn an
object "upside down”. "But if the Webble is put on its head, it will
you may think and you’ll be absolutely right. The ordinary Webble will
but if a freight turns out to be in its head which stands on the
these will be inventions according to USSR patents No 1347961, No
These toys can not only stand
on their heads but also rock on them. They will have different shape and
diapason of motions depending on whether they rock on the head or on the
What lets these toys stand and
rock on their heads?
"A Technique of training of creative thinking
by the board games with fairy tales"TEREMOK
of FAIRY TALES"
"CREATING HUMAN CAPITAL"
learning for the knowledge society26-29
september, 2001, Finland,Helsinki
Now, solving a
problem of human personality’s increase, the psychologists often pay attention
to the development of creative capabilities. Various methods of the development
of a creative potential of a person are designed in the Theory of the Solution
of inventor's Problems (TRIZ, Russia,
author – G. Altshuller).
It is known,
that the usage of game techniques sharply increases the effectiveness of any
training. The therapy by fairy tales successfully develops as one of the
directions of a psychotherapy. I propose
to use specially designed technique - board game with fairy tales
"Teremok" as a didactic material for training of creative
is an act of creation of a world fromnothing
HUMAN CAPITAL" lifelong
learning for the knowledge society
26-29 september, Finland,Helsinki
."The Education consists not only
of the development of memory and enlightenment of mind.
A main problem
of Education - to learn to control the desires ".
Last years the problem of
training of creativity, extension of creative capabilities people is considered
as a most effective way of an active development of the personality. And a
concept "creativity" is more and more often used in a more
comprehensive sense: as the ability of a man to build his life more
flexible,as a capacity to find
alternate versions of the solutions of problems, as a capacity to achieve
success in implementation of the ideas.
Today world faces
problems of huge, universal value, which require to be solved. Obsolete methods
of solution of these problems are unsuccessful.So we should obviously learn to change the way of thinking. We are simply
forced to study to think in a new way.
Many people now combat,
struggle to divide among themselves restricted resources of planet, materials,
money, territory. It is a way of destruction.